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Wine Red Dry

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The Philosophy of Red Dry Wine

Red dry wine is a noble, elegant, and rich drink that is appreciated by true connoisseurs of elite alcohol. Its name "dry" comes from its lack of sugar, as the yeast eats it during fermentation, resulting in a sour product filled with alcohol. To fully enjoy red dry wine, it is important to understand its philosophy and taste characteristics. There are more than 4000 varieties of red dry wine, both elite and inexpensive, available globally. The most popular technical grape varieties used for making red dry wine are cultivated all over the world, while some vineyards grow autochthonous varieties that suit their particular region's climate and soil. Winemakers refer to the taste of terroir, a combination of soil and climatic factors, that gives the wine its unique flavor.

The following are the main regions where red dry wine is produced:
  • France
  • Italy
  • Spain
  • Austria
  • Portugal
  • Australia
  • Morocco
  • United States
  • Chile
  • Switzerland
Other countries also cultivate dark grapes for red dry wine, resulting in cheaper and more budget-friendly products.

The following grape varieties make the best red dry wines:
  1. Cabernet Sauvignon: This grape variety is used to make the famous red dry wines of Bordeaux. It ripens late, especially in colder regions, and has a lot of astringent tannins, resulting in a purple-black wine that is elegant and rich. A bottle of this French grape variety can be bought for 2200 rubles.
  2. Merlot: A French grape variety that produces a mild and pleasant-tasting dry red with flavors of raspberry, strawberry, cherry, cedar, and chocolate. It always ripens in time, and quality wine is obtained with 10 or more years of aging. A bottle of budget French Merlot can be purchased for 1600 rubles.
  3. Pinot Noir: This dark variety is unpredictable but loved by winemakers for its beauty. It is used to make not only red dry wines but also champagne and sparkling drinks. The quality of a properly made wine is striking in its high density. The aging of a quality product lasts for decades. Inexpensive red dry wine of this variety can be bought for 500 rubles.
  4. Garnacha: This variety is characterized by aromas of cherry, spice, and licorice, and is most planted in Spain and Australia. The French add it to blends because of its high acidity and alcohol content. The Spanish version can be purchased for 450 rubles.
  5. Barbera: Most cultivated in Italy, the wine from this variety acquires a strong structure and multi-layered flavor. It is often used in blends.
Other red dry grape varieties that are worth mentioning include Dolcetto, Cabernet Franc, Gamet, Carignan, Malbec, Sangiovese, Syrah, Nebbiolo, Mourvedre, and Monastrel.